It is a winter citrus fruit, fruit of the Citrus nobilis nobili plant of the Rutaceae family. It is similar to orange, but smaller and sweeter. Mandarins are medium in size, globose and depressed at the poles, with thin skin that does not adhere to the pulp. Their orange pulp is made up of a large number of juicy and aromatic segments rich in seeds. The edible part is about 80% of the fruit.
Thanks to the aroma of limonene, the mandarin peel is used to produce liqueurs, syrups and perfumes and essential oils.
- Mandarin essential oil.
The limonene contained in the essential oil helps to overcome depression and sadness, while the aldehydes purify the blood and promote bile secretion, helping the body to purify itself. The other components of the essential oil stimulate the metabolism and fight laziness in the stomach and intestines. A hot bath with this oil relaxes and dissolves any muscle tension. It is also an excellent antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, ideal for small lacerations and for relaxing massages.
- The plant
The botanical name of the mandarin plant is Citrus nobilis and belongs to the Rutaceae family. It is a robust plant with spreading foliage, up to 4.5 m tall. The thorns are present only on the suckers. The leaves, from ovate-oblong to ovate-lanceolate, have a petiole with thin fins. The flowers are small, white, fragrant and single. Some varieties are also used for ornamental purposes.
- Winter mandarin season.
It is a winter fruit, the harvest goes from December to March for the late variety. However, the best month is January.